Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV)
Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is a non-intrusive laser optical measurement technique for research and diagnostics into flow, turbulence, microfluidics, spray atomization, and combustion processes.
Laser Induced Fluorescence (Mixing LIF)
Planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) is an optical diagnostic technique widely used in fluid and gas applications.
Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA)
Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA), also known as Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV), is an optical technique ideal for non-intrusive 1D, 2D, and 3D point measurement of velocity and turbulence distribution in both free flows and internal flows.
Constant Temperature Anemometry (CTA)
Constant Temperature Anemometry (CTA), also known as Thermal Anemometry, is a technique for the measurement of turbulence in 1D, 2D, or 3D gas and liquid flows using hot-wire or hot-film probes inserted into the flow.